Dog Breed


Fits in your backpackConfidence KingLong-lived
Primary image of Dachshund dog breed
Full Name
Alternate Names
Wiener dog, Dotson dog, Doxin dog, Doxie, Daschie
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Life Span
12 - 16 years
16 - 28 pounds

Dachshund dogs are famous for their long body and short legs, and they are often called wiener dogs or hotdogs. They have a goofy personality and will make you laugh every day. But don't let the goofiness fool you, they were originally bred for a very specific reason (and got their name from it)- to be bold and persistent in finding badgers ("Dachs" is German for badger). The modern-day Dachshund is much more of a family companion, and due to their small size, make an excellent apartment dog.

Bred For
Hunting badgers and other tunneling animals, rabbits, and foxes
Family Considerations
Child Friendly

Is the Dachshund good with children? Nearly all dogs enjoy playing with small children, but some can play too rough, or be a bit careless. In some cases dogs can get jealous of small children, or try and "herd" them due to their natural instincts.

Stranger Friendly

Is the Dachshund friendly with strangers? Getting a dog that is friendly with people really depends on what your lifestyle is. Dogs who are more cautious with strangers oftentimes make good guard dogs, which can be a great fit for some owners. If you are social, live in the city, or frequently have guests over, you may want to consider getting a stranger friendly dog.

Dog Friendly

Is the Dachshund friendly with other dogs? Of course this is particularly important if you already have another dog at home. However, it's an important factor to consider as well if you plan on frequently going to the dog park. Otherwise, even a dog who is not automatically friendly with other dogs can be an excellent fit, as they can still be affectionate with their human family.

Likes to Cuddle

Does the Dachshund like to cuddle? All dogs want love, but they have different boundaries when it comes to physical affection. If you plan on frequently having a dog on your lap or pushed up against you, then you should consider whether this breed enjoys that.


Does the Dachshund like to play? All puppies are playful, but as adults certain dogs are more playful. If you have children, or otherwise want to keep your dog active with plenty of play, there are plenty of options of breeds who will be happy to play all day.

Service Dog Ability

Does the Dachshund make a good service dog? When looking to train a service dog it's important to consider how they were historically bred, and if their personality makes a good fit. A service dog must be smart, patient, and obsessed with pleasing their owner. Working dogs are a good fits since service dog 'work' gives them a feeling of accomplishment from doing a job.

Overall Ease of Breed
Ease for Novice

Is the Dachshund good for first time owners? Dogs that are good for first time owners are ones who are easy to train, and are eager to please their owner. Very large dogs, or dogs with very high energy may also not be the best for first time owners since it adds a layer of complexity.

Training Potential

How well can the Dachshund be trained? This rating is about the training potential of the Dachshund. Dogs with high training potential oftentimes are good service dogs, police dogs, and dog show competition dogs. This does not necessarily mean they are the easiest to train, since many will be very intelligent and demanding.

Amount of Shedding

Does the Dachshund shed a lot?

Ease of Grooming

Is the Dachshund easy to groom?

Exercise Need

Does the Dachshund need a lot of exercise?


How smart is the Dachshund?

Amount of Barking

How much does the Dachshund bark? Does the Dachshund bark too much? It depends on your lifestyle, and where you live. Dogs use barking to communicate, keep guard, and alert. A strong bark can be a good characteristic for guard dogs, or flock guardian dogs who need to be vocal.In apartment living you should consider getting a dog who is less vocal.

Guard Dog Ability

Is the Dachshund a good guard dog?

Tolerates Being Alone

Is the Dachshund good at staying alone? Is the Dachshund independent?

Home and Environment Considerations
Good for Apartment Living

Is the Dachshund a good apartment dog? Can the Dachshund live in an apartment without becoming frustrated or destructive? Typically people immediately consider the size of the dog, but energy level and historical habitat are also factors.


How big is the Dachshund?

Tolerates Heat

How much does the Dachshund tolerate hot weather? When is it too hot for a Dachshund?

Tolerates Cold

How much does the Dachshund tolerate cold weather? When is it too cold for a Dachshund?

Potential to Run Away

Does the Dachshund try to run away? Some dogs have natural wanderlust and are escape artists... they will do everything to get out and explore.

Physical Characteristics
General Health

Is the Dachshund a healthy dog? The general health of a Dachshund should be measured not just by how many years they live, but how often they have health issues during their lives. It is important to know which health conditions your breed is prone to- hip problems, eye problems, bloating, and arthritis are all common dog health problems.

Energy Level

How energetic is the Dachshund? Is the Dachshund too energetic for your lifestyle?

Amount of Drooling

How much does the Dachshund drool?

Prey Drive

Does the Dachshund have a large prey drive? Does the Dachshund like to chase birds, cats, and other small animals? Prey drive can be bothersome at the park, but really an issue at home if you have small animals, since this comes as a natural instinct for dogs with high prey drive, to chase cats, birds, etc.


Is the Dachshund atheltic? Is the Dachshund fast and strong?

Breed Variations

The Dachshund is a purebred dog that belongs to the Scenthound sub group, which falls under the larger Hound dog breed group.
Hound group: The hound has traditionally been used alongside hunters to track or chase prey. Unlike retrievers who are bred primarily to retrieve and bring back the prey, hounds were typically bred to have excellent vision, scent, or speed to pursue the prey. Because of the Hound's excellent vision, scent, and focus, they are a common police and secret services dog. Hounds are typically categorized into either "scent hounds" or "sight hounds". Both exercise and mental stimulation is important for hounds because of their history. They want to feel they have a "job" and want to go to bed feeling they have done their day's duty.
Scenthound sub-group: The scenthounds were the original hunting dogs. Many go back thousands of years, and their exceptional scent is something that has been passed down through the generations. Typically people think about dogs using their amazing smell for hunting, but it is also used for drug detection, and even finding people lost in the woods. Certain scenthounds have such amazing scent, that they can distinguish an injured person or animal from a non-injured one. Scenthounds can be trained very well, but may need a firm leader. They are used to working a job outside, so are not the ideal apartment dog.

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