Dog Breed


Fits in your backpackLong-livedConfidence King
Primary image of Pomeranian dog breed
Full Name
Alternate Names
Pom, Pom-Pom, Deutscher Spitz, Zwergspitz, Dwarf Spitz
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Life Span
15 years
3 - 7 pounds

One of the smallest dog breeds in the world, but not in personality. They not only have regular winners in the Westminster agility contest, but actually serve as decent guard dogs because of how attentive they are. Of course, they probably will have a hard time of warding off intruders because of their size, but they are intelligent, aware, and can quickly bark and let their owners know if someone is at the door.

Pomeranians are probably the dog that most resembles a stuffed animal, and oftentimes receive "wows" from people when they first see them- their cuteness is unmatched. They are extroverts, friendly with people, and very loyal to their family. They are independent, have a big personality, and can be good with children and strangers, but do need good socialization and some time. They are relatively easy to be trained, and excellent dogs for apartment living, not only due to their size, but they are fairly independent, and should be ok for someone who regularly works, as long as they get regular exercise and attention in the morning and evening.

The Pomeranian is a healthy dog, but do have certain health disorders that owners need to be careful with. They are oftentimes a "designer" breed- and some irresponsible breeders will try and over-emphasize certain characteristics, like small size, and the breed will suffer with health risks because of it. With that said, they are still one of the dogs with the longest life average of about 15 years.

Bred For
Family Considerations
Child Friendly

Is the Pomeranian good with children? Nearly all dogs enjoy playing with small children, but some can play too rough, or be a bit careless. In some cases dogs can get jealous of small children, or try and "herd" them due to their natural instincts.

Stranger Friendly

Is the Pomeranian friendly with strangers? Getting a dog that is friendly with people really depends on what your lifestyle is. Dogs who are more cautious with strangers oftentimes make good guard dogs, which can be a great fit for some owners. If you are social, live in the city, or frequently have guests over, you may want to consider getting a stranger friendly dog.

Dog Friendly

Is the Pomeranian friendly with other dogs? Of course this is particularly important if you already have another dog at home. However, it's an important factor to consider as well if you plan on frequently going to the dog park. Otherwise, even a dog who is not automatically friendly with other dogs can be an excellent fit, as they can still be affectionate with their human family.

Likes to Cuddle

Does the Pomeranian like to cuddle? All dogs want love, but they have different boundaries when it comes to physical affection. If you plan on frequently having a dog on your lap or pushed up against you, then you should consider whether this breed enjoys that.


Does the Pomeranian like to play? All puppies are playful, but as adults certain dogs are more playful. If you have children, or otherwise want to keep your dog active with plenty of play, there are plenty of options of breeds who will be happy to play all day.

Service Dog Ability

Does the Pomeranian make a good service dog? When looking to train a service dog it's important to consider how they were historically bred, and if their personality makes a good fit. A service dog must be smart, patient, and obsessed with pleasing their owner. Working dogs are a good fits since service dog 'work' gives them a feeling of accomplishment from doing a job.

Overall Ease of Breed
Ease for Novice

Is the Pomeranian good for first time owners? Dogs that are good for first time owners are ones who are easy to train, and are eager to please their owner. Very large dogs, or dogs with very high energy may also not be the best for first time owners since it adds a layer of complexity.

Training Potential

How well can the Pomeranian be trained? This rating is about the training potential of the Pomeranian. Dogs with high training potential oftentimes are good service dogs, police dogs, and dog show competition dogs. This does not necessarily mean they are the easiest to train, since many will be very intelligent and demanding.

Amount of Shedding

Does the Pomeranian shed a lot?

Ease of Grooming

Is the Pomeranian easy to groom?

Exercise Need

Does the Pomeranian need a lot of exercise?


How smart is the Pomeranian?

Amount of Barking

How much does the Pomeranian bark? Does the Pomeranian bark too much? It depends on your lifestyle, and where you live. Dogs use barking to communicate, keep guard, and alert. A strong bark can be a good characteristic for guard dogs, or flock guardian dogs who need to be vocal.In apartment living you should consider getting a dog who is less vocal.

Guard Dog Ability

Is the Pomeranian a good guard dog?

Tolerates Being Alone

Is the Pomeranian good at staying alone? Is the Pomeranian independent?

Home and Environment Considerations
Good for Apartment Living

Is the Pomeranian a good apartment dog? Can the Pomeranian live in an apartment without becoming frustrated or destructive? Typically people immediately consider the size of the dog, but energy level and historical habitat are also factors.


How big is the Pomeranian?

Tolerates Heat

How much does the Pomeranian tolerate hot weather? When is it too hot for a Pomeranian?

Tolerates Cold

How much does the Pomeranian tolerate cold weather? When is it too cold for a Pomeranian?

Potential to Run Away

Does the Pomeranian try to run away? Some dogs have natural wanderlust and are escape artists... they will do everything to get out and explore.

Physical Characteristics
General Health

Is the Pomeranian a healthy dog? The general health of a Pomeranian should be measured not just by how many years they live, but how often they have health issues during their lives. It is important to know which health conditions your breed is prone to- hip problems, eye problems, bloating, and arthritis are all common dog health problems.

Energy Level

How energetic is the Pomeranian? Is the Pomeranian too energetic for your lifestyle?

Amount of Drooling

How much does the Pomeranian drool?

Prey Drive

Does the Pomeranian have a large prey drive? Does the Pomeranian like to chase birds, cats, and other small animals? Prey drive can be bothersome at the park, but really an issue at home if you have small animals, since this comes as a natural instinct for dogs with high prey drive, to chase cats, birds, etc.


Is the Pomeranian atheltic? Is the Pomeranian fast and strong?

  • Toy
  • Spitz
  • Pomeranian
The Pomeranian is a purebred dog that belongs to the Spitz sub group, which falls under the larger Toy dog breed group.
Toy group: Toy dogs are primarily characterized by their very small size. But don't let that fool you- if anything their personality and tenacity is higher than the average dog. In fact, even their protective instincts are above average! In fact, because of that it is crucial they get socialization with children and other dogs from an early age. Because the toy dog is both small and primarily bred for home companionship, they make excellent additions for a wide range of families. There are also practical benefits with toy dogs- they are great for apartment living, and traveling. Toy dogs are also loyal and love to cuddle, making them the ideal lap dog.
Spitz sub-group: Spitz breeds are some of the dog world's most ancient dogs. They have a distinct wolf-like appearance with pointy ears, and a heavy double coat, and a big bushy tail that curls over the back. The majority of them are perfect for cold climates, as they originate from the Nordics, Russia, and Canada. There are many spitz type of breeds, and sometimes it is debated which dogs are "true spitz" breeds. Spitz dogs love the outdoors and love adventure.

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