Dog Breed


Long-livedCouch PotatoFits in your backpack
Primary image of Pug dog breed
Full Name
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Life Span
12 - 14 years
14 - 18 pounds

Everyone knows about Pugs. It's hard not to love them. Pugs were originally bred to be lapdogs and true lapdogs they are. Being bred for companionship, they are used to being surrounded by people and other dogs and they don't appreciate being left alone, which is something that everyone should put into consideration.

Even though they were bred as lapdogs, Pugs are one of the oldest canine breeds in the world as it is thought that they originated from China around 700 BC. They were so precious to The Emperors of China that they had their own servants and special rooms in royal palaces! So it is no wonder why they can sometimes be stubborn and lazy. On the other hand, in true small dog fashion, they can be overly confident as well. They are goofy, friendly with children, and a great dog for first time owners. Although they are not a good fit for anyone who is looking for an exercise partner, as they can oftentimes have trouble breathing, and they do not have the best stamina.

Bred For
Family Considerations
Child Friendly

Is the Pug good with children? Nearly all dogs enjoy playing with small children, but some can play too rough, or be a bit careless. In some cases dogs can get jealous of small children, or try and "herd" them due to their natural instincts.

Stranger Friendly

Is the Pug friendly with strangers? Getting a dog that is friendly with people really depends on what your lifestyle is. Dogs who are more cautious with strangers oftentimes make good guard dogs, which can be a great fit for some owners. If you are social, live in the city, or frequently have guests over, you may want to consider getting a stranger friendly dog.

Dog Friendly

Is the Pug friendly with other dogs? Of course this is particularly important if you already have another dog at home. However, it's an important factor to consider as well if you plan on frequently going to the dog park. Otherwise, even a dog who is not automatically friendly with other dogs can be an excellent fit, as they can still be affectionate with their human family.

Likes to Cuddle

Does the Pug like to cuddle? All dogs want love, but they have different boundaries when it comes to physical affection. If you plan on frequently having a dog on your lap or pushed up against you, then you should consider whether this breed enjoys that.


Does the Pug like to play? All puppies are playful, but as adults certain dogs are more playful. If you have children, or otherwise want to keep your dog active with plenty of play, there are plenty of options of breeds who will be happy to play all day.

Service Dog Ability

Does the Pug make a good service dog? When looking to train a service dog it's important to consider how they were historically bred, and if their personality makes a good fit. A service dog must be smart, patient, and obsessed with pleasing their owner. Working dogs are a good fits since service dog 'work' gives them a feeling of accomplishment from doing a job.

Overall Ease of Breed
Ease for Novice

Is the Pug good for first time owners? Dogs that are good for first time owners are ones who are easy to train, and are eager to please their owner. Very large dogs, or dogs with very high energy may also not be the best for first time owners since it adds a layer of complexity.

Training Potential

How well can the Pug be trained? This rating is about the training potential of the Pug. Dogs with high training potential oftentimes are good service dogs, police dogs, and dog show competition dogs. This does not necessarily mean they are the easiest to train, since many will be very intelligent and demanding.

Amount of Shedding

Does the Pug shed a lot?

Ease of Grooming

Is the Pug easy to groom?

Exercise Need

Does the Pug need a lot of exercise?


How smart is the Pug?

Amount of Barking

How much does the Pug bark? Does the Pug bark too much? It depends on your lifestyle, and where you live. Dogs use barking to communicate, keep guard, and alert. A strong bark can be a good characteristic for guard dogs, or flock guardian dogs who need to be vocal.In apartment living you should consider getting a dog who is less vocal.

Guard Dog Ability

Is the Pug a good guard dog?

Tolerates Being Alone

Is the Pug good at staying alone? Is the Pug independent?

Home and Environment Considerations
Good for Apartment Living

Is the Pug a good apartment dog? Can the Pug live in an apartment without becoming frustrated or destructive? Typically people immediately consider the size of the dog, but energy level and historical habitat are also factors.


How big is the Pug?

Tolerates Heat

How much does the Pug tolerate hot weather? When is it too hot for a Pug?

Tolerates Cold

How much does the Pug tolerate cold weather? When is it too cold for a Pug?

Potential to Run Away

Does the Pug try to run away? Some dogs have natural wanderlust and are escape artists... they will do everything to get out and explore.

Physical Characteristics
General Health

Is the Pug a healthy dog? The general health of a Pug should be measured not just by how many years they live, but how often they have health issues during their lives. It is important to know which health conditions your breed is prone to- hip problems, eye problems, bloating, and arthritis are all common dog health problems.

Energy Level

How energetic is the Pug? Is the Pug too energetic for your lifestyle?

Amount of Drooling

How much does the Pug drool?

Prey Drive

Does the Pug have a large prey drive? Does the Pug like to chase birds, cats, and other small animals? Prey drive can be bothersome at the park, but really an issue at home if you have small animals, since this comes as a natural instinct for dogs with high prey drive, to chase cats, birds, etc.


Is the Pug atheltic? Is the Pug fast and strong?

Breed Variations

  • Image for the Black variation for dog breed


  • Image for the Fawn variation for dog breed


  • Image for the Gray  variation for dog breed


  • Image for the Brindle variation for dog breed


  • Toy
  • Small Molossian
  • Pug
The Pug is a purebred dog that belongs to the Small Molossian sub group, which falls under the larger Toy dog breed group.
Toy group: Toy dogs are primarily characterized by their very small size. But don't let that fool you- if anything their personality and tenacity is higher than the average dog. In fact, even their protective instincts are above average! In fact, because of that it is crucial they get socialization with children and other dogs from an early age. Because the toy dog is both small and primarily bred for home companionship, they make excellent additions for a wide range of families. There are also practical benefits with toy dogs- they are great for apartment living, and traveling. Toy dogs are also loyal and love to cuddle, making them the ideal lap dog.
Small Molossian sub-group: The small molossian type of dog is the category for French Bulldogs and Pugs. They have health problems, do not tolerate hot or cold weather very much, and do not score the highest on the intelligence rankings... and yet, they are right at the top for the most popular dog breeds, so what is it? First of all, small molossian type dogs are unique- they have the build and personality of a giant dog but in the body of a small dog. This results in a hilarious personality that is always fun to have around. They are very friendly, like to cuddle, and are an excellent dog for a first time owner. Because of their size and medium to low energy level they make the perfect dog for apartment living.

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